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In terms of RES-E objective of gross electricity consumption, Romania is on target. In 2004, the majority of all RES-E was generated through large-scale hydropower. To a large extent, the high potential of small-scale hydropower has remained untouched. Between 1997 and 2004, both the level of production and the growth rate of most RES has been stable. Provisions for public support are in place, but renewable energy projects have so far not been financed.


Romania introduced the following measures to promote RES-E:

  • A quota system, with tradable green certificates (TGCs) for new RES-E, has been in place since 2004, with a mandatory quota increase from 0.7 per cent in 2005 to 8.3 per cent in 2010–2012. TGCs are issued to electricity production from wind, solar, biomass or hydropower generated in plants with less than 10 MW capacity.
  • Mandatory dispatching and priority trading of electricity produced from RES has existed since 2004.

Table I.20: Key Support Schemes for RES-E in Romania

The quota is imposed to power suppliers, trading the electricity between the producers and consumers.
Period Penalties for non compliance
2005-2007 63 €/CV
2008-2012 84 €/CV



In Romania, the RES target to be achieved is 11 per cent of gross energy in 2010. The RES-E target was set at 33 per cent of gross electricity consumption in 2010; however, the share decreased from 31.3 per cent in 1997 to 29.87 per cent in 2004.

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